December 6, 2023


Future Depends on What You Do

Thailand: Upcoming verdict in case of murdered Indigenous activist ‘Billy’ will have to deliver justice

Ahead of the expected verdict on Thursday (28 September) for 4 men and women accused of involvement in the enforced disappearance and murder of Indigenous Karen human legal rights defender Pholachi ‘Billy’ Rakchongcharoen, Amnesty International’s Regional Researcher for Thailand Chanatip Tatiyakaroonwong stated:

“Billy’s brave pursuit of justice value him his lifestyle and put his relatives through a yearslong nightmare of heartbreak, obfuscation and lies as they searched for real truth. They have earned to know the whole story of what happened to him, and individuals liable for this unimaginably horrific murder should be held to account.

“The future and long-overdue verdict is an important examination for the Thai judicial procedure, which has unsuccessful victims of enforced disappearances for significantly also lengthy. The judiciary has now an option to set a new normal when addressing enforced disappearances to make certain they align with intercontinental human legal rights law. Thai authorities also have a opportunity to demonstrate leadership by sending a message to officers working all above the state: that the culture of impunity ends now and enforced disappearances will no more time be tolerated.

“The new Thai govt need to also straight away accede to the International Conference for the Safety of All Individuals from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED), as perfectly as the Optional Protocol to the Convention towards Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Remedy or Punishment (OPCAT). This commitment would exhibit they are genuinely interested in making sure that heinous crimes – like the kinds versus Billy – will not occur once again and that these accountable will be quickly brought to justice.”


Billy was past viewed on 17 April 2014 leaving the Kaeng Krachan National Park located in Petchaburi Province, Thailand, the place he was allegedly detained by park officials for the alleged unlawful possession of wild bee honey.

At the time of his arrest, Billy was travelling to fulfill with Indigenous Karen villagers in preparation for an forthcoming listening to in the villagers’ lawsuit against park officers for the forced evictions of local communities and burning of Karen properties. Billy was also carrying scenario documents linked to the lawsuit that have in no way been recovered.

5 years later, on 3 September 2019, the Division of Particular Investigation (DSI) announced that Billy’s stays had been discovered in a burned oil barrel at the bottom of a reservoir in Kaeng Krachan Countrywide Park, wherever he was very last witnessed in custody of the park officials. The department then encouraged the public prosecutor to indict the 4 park officers suspected of involvement in Billy’s arrest and detention, such as the Chief Officer of the nationwide park and 3 other officers.

In spite of this unparalleled development in the investigation, the general public prosecutor from the Department of Special Litigation, Division 1 dropped all the expenses recommended by the DSI in January 2020. In August 2020, the DSI appealed this conclusion to the Workplace of the Legal professional-General (OAG). Two yrs later on, another significant turning point took location in August 2022 as the OAG decided to indict the four suspects under 5 prices, such as abducting and murdering Billy. The 4 guys deny the expenses.

Thailand not long ago adopted the Act on Avoidance and Suppression of Torture and Enforced Disappearance, which arrived into effect in February 2023. Amnesty Global has formerly called for the Thai government to ensure the regulation is enforced correctly in line with global human rights law and criteria. On the other hand, considering the fact that the regulation took impact right after the indictment of the four officers accused in the circumstance of Billy, they could not be billed beneath the certain crime of enforced disappearance underneath this new regulation.

Despite this domestic regulation, the Thai government has not acceded to the ICPPED and OPCAT nevertheless. In accordance to the UN Doing work Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, as of August 2022, there have been 76 exceptional situations (70 males, 6 females) of enforced disappearance in Thailand.