ADHD: Quick for interest deficit hyperactivity disorder. This ailment is characterized by an ongoing pattern of currently being impulsive (performing without the need of contemplating, for occasion), inattentive (have difficulty remaining on job) or hyperactive (fidgeting excessively or seeming overly restless and talkative). A person can have any or all of these indications — and often at a amount that tends to get in the way of their performing successfully.
amygdala: An region deep inside of the brain and near the temporal lobe. Among the other things, the amygdala plays a purpose in feelings. The time period will come from the Greek word for an almond, which this area resembles in shape.
nervousness: A anxious response to situations triggering abnormal uneasiness and apprehension. People with panic might even establish stress assaults.
attention: The phenomenon of focusing mental resources on a distinct item or event.
average: (in science) A phrase for the arithmetic suggest, which is the sum of a team of figures that is then divided by the measurement of the team.
blood pressure: The drive exerted in opposition to vessel partitions by blood going via the physique. Typically this stress refers to blood transferring precisely as a result of the body’s arteries. That strain allows blood to circulate to our heads and keeps the fluid going so that it can deliver oxygen to all tissues. Blood stress can differ based mostly on actual physical action and the body’s placement. High blood tension can set an individual at risk for heart assaults or stroke. Small blood tension may possibly leave folks dizzy, or faint, as the tension gets way too minimal to supply enough blood to the brain.
mind scan: A technique to perspective structures inside the mind, usually with X-rays or a magnetic resonance imaging (or MRI) device. With MRI technological know-how — specially the style known as useful MRI (or fMRI) — the activity of unique mind locations can be viewed for the duration of an event, this sort of as viewing images, computing sums or listening to tunes.
canopy: (in botany) The prime layer of a tree — or forest — in which the tallest branches overlap.
colleague: Another person who works with a different a co-worker or group member.
despair: (in medication) A mental sickness characterized by persistent sadness and apathy. Whilst these inner thoughts can be induced by gatherings, such as the loss of life of a beloved one particular or the move to a new city, that is not commonly viewed as an “illness” — except the signs are prolonged and damage an individual’s potential to accomplish normal day by day tasks (these types of as operating, sleeping or interacting with others). Individuals struggling from depression normally truly feel they lack the energy needed to get everything carried out. They might have problems concentrating on issues or demonstrating an fascination in regular occasions. Several occasions, these feelings appear to be induced by almost nothing they can appear out of nowhere.
problem: (in medication) A issue exactly where the human body does not get the job done appropriately, top to what could possibly be seen as an disease. This time period can sometimes be utilized interchangeably with disease.
epidemiologist: Like overall health detectives, these researchers seem to hyperlink a individual health issues to what may well have triggered it and/or permitted it to distribute.
emphasis: (in actions) To glimpse or concentrate intently on some individual stage or detail.
hormone: (in zoology and drugs) A chemical generated in a gland and then carried in the bloodstream to a different part of the overall body. Hormones regulate several essential overall body functions, these as expansion. Hormones act by triggering or regulating chemical reactions in the body.
immune: (adj.) Owning to do with immunity. (v.) Capable to ward off a distinct infection. Alternatively, this time period can be applied to signify an organism demonstrates no impacts from publicity to a distinct poison or procedure. Extra generally, the term may well sign that a thing are unable to be damage by a unique drug, sickness or chemical.
immune method: The collection of cells and their responses that support the physique fight off bacterial infections and deal with foreign substances that may possibly provoke allergic reactions.
mental health: A phrase for someone’s emotional, psychological and social nicely-remaining. It refers to how men and women behave on their individual and how they interact with many others. It contains how men and women make possibilities, manage strain and manage concern or anxiety. Very poor psychological health can be activated by sickness or just reflect a short-phrase reaction to life’s problems. It can occur in people of any age, from toddlers to the aged.
MRI: Short for magnetic resonance imaging. It is really an imaging system to visualize delicate, inside organs, like the mind, muscles, coronary heart and cancerous tumors. MRI utilizes solid magnetic fields to file the action of specific atoms.
nectar: A sugary fluid secreted by plants, particularly by bouquets. It encourages pollination by bugs and other animals. It is collected by bees to make into honey.
neuroscientist: Someone who studies the framework or functionality of the mind and other areas of the nervous program.
predator: (adjective: predatory) A creature that preys on other animals for most or all of its foodstuff.
psychologist: A scientist or mental-well being professional who studies the mind, specifically in relation to actions and behaviors. Some work with people today. Others may perhaps conduct experiments with animals (normally rodents) to examination how their minds respond to unique stimuli and circumstances.
social: (v. socialize) Relating to gatherings of people today a phrase for animals (or people) that desire to exist in teams. (noun) A accumulating of individuals, for instance people who belong to a club or other business, for the goal of experiencing just about every other’s corporation.
anxiety: (in psychology) A psychological, physical, psychological or behavioral reaction to an occasion or circumstance (stressor) that disturbs a human being or animal’s usual point out of currently being or sites elevated demands on a particular person or animal psychological strain can be possibly constructive or negative.
procedure: A network of components that with each other operate to attain some perform. For occasion, the blood, vessels and heart are key factors of the human body’s circulatory technique. Likewise, trains, platforms, tracks, roadway indicators and overpasses are between the probable elements of a nation’s railway process. Procedure can even be used to the procedures or concepts that are component of some approach or purchased set of procedures for acquiring a undertaking completed.
urban: Of or connected to cities, particularly densely populated types or areas wherever a lot of targeted visitors and industrial activity occurs. The improvement or buildup of urban places is a phenomenon identified as urbanization.